SCI.6.1 2010 - Physical Science Explain that all objects and substances in the natural world are composed of matter in different states with different properties. (6.1.1, 6.1.2, 6.1.3) Understand that there are different forms of energy with unique characteristics. (6.1.4, 6.1.5, 6.1.6, 6.1.7)
SCI.6.1.1 2010Understand that the properties and behavior of matter can be explained by a model that depicts particles representing atoms or molecules in motion.
SCI.6.1.2 2010Explain the properties of solids, liquids and gases using drawings and models that represent matter as particles in motion whose state can be represented by the relative positions and movement of the particles.
SCI.6.1.3 2010Using a model in which matter is composed of particles in motion, investigate that when substances undergo a change in state, mass is conserved.
SCI.6.1.4 2010Recognize that objects in motion have kinetic energy and objects at rest have potential energy.
SCI.6.1.5 2010Describe with examples that potential energy exists in several different forms (e.g., gravitational potential energy, elastic potential energy and chemical potential energy).
SCI.6.1.6 2010Compare and contrast potential and kinetic energy and how they can be transformed from one form to another.
SCI.6.1.7 2010Explain that energy may be manifested as heat, light, electricity, mechanical motion, and sound and is often associated with chemical reactions.
SCI.6.2 2010 - Earth and Space Science Understand the relationships between celestial bodies and the force that keeps them in regular and predictable motion.
SCI.6.2.1 2010Describe and model how the position, size and relative motions of the earth, moon and sun cause day and night, solar and lunar eclipses, and phases of the moon.
SCI.6.2.2 2010Recognize that gravity is a force that keeps celestial bodies in regular and predictable motion, holds objects to earth’s surface and is responsible for tides.
SCI.6.2.3 2010Understand that the sun, an average star where nuclear reactions occur, is the central and largest body in the solar system.
SCI.6.2.4 2010With regard to their size, composition, distance from sun, surface features and ability to support life, compare and contrast the planets of the solar system with one another and with asteroids and comets.
SCI.6.2.5 2010Demonstrate that the seasons in both hemispheres are the result of the inclination of the earth on its axis, which causes changes in sunlight intensity and length of day.
SCI.6.3 2010 - Life Science Describe that all organisms, including humans, are part of complex systems found in all biomes (i.e., freshwater, marine, forest, desert, grassland and tundra). (6.3.1, 6.3.2, 6.3.3) Understand that the major source of energy for ecosystems is light produced by major nuclear reactions in the sun. (6.3.4, 6.3.5, 6.3.6)
SCI.6.3.1 2010Describe specific relationships (i.e., predator and prey, consumer and producer, and parasite and host) between organisms and determine whether these relationships are competitive or mutually beneficial.
SCI.6.3.2 2010Describe how changes caused by organisms in the habitat where they live can be beneficial or detrimental to themselves or to native plants and animals.
SCI.6.3.3 2010Describe how certain biotic and abiotic factors—such as predators, quantity of light and water, range of temperatures and soil composition—can limit the number of organisms an ecosystem can support.
SCI.6.3.4 2010Recognize that plants use energy from the sun to make sugar (i.e., glucose) by the process of photosynthesis.
SCI.6.3.5 2010Describe how all animals, including humans, meet their energy needs by consuming other organisms, breaking down their structures, and using the materials to grow and function.
SCI.6.3.6 2010Recognize that food provides the energy for the work that cells do and is a source of the molecular building blocks that can be incorporated into a cell’s structure or stored for later use.
SCI.6.4 2010 - Science, Technology and Engineering Apply a form of energy to design and construct a simple mechanical device.
SCI.6.4.1 2010Understand how to apply potential or kinetic energy to power a simple device.
SCI.6.4.2 2010Construct a simple device that uses potential or kinetic energy to perform work.
SCI.6.4.3 2010Describe the transfer of energy amongst energy interactions.